Temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD) is a general term that encompasses disorders that affect the jaw joints (tempomandibular joints – TMJ), jaw muscles and the nerves associated with chronic facial pain. Any problem that disrupts the muscles and joints from hinging and sliding in this unique and complex joint can cause pain and dysfunction.
Normal function of the TMJ involves talking, eating and yawning. Disorders at this joint affect approximately 33% of the population and can have a significant impact on the quality of life. Due to the complexity of the TMJ, a collaborative approach between your Dentist and Physiotherapist can provide the most successful outcome. Physiotherapists are ideally positioned to treat TMD because of their knowledge of muscles and joints combined with hands-on skills to treat dysfunction.
Adding to the complexity of TMD, there can be a number of factors contributing to the cause.
At Fifth Ave physio all of our therapists have additional post-graduate training to manage jaw pain. Fortunately, a trained physiotherapist can help by teaching you relaxation, stretching and strengthening exercises for your jaw and neck muscles. Your Physiotherapist will always be in contact with your dentist and/or specialist to coordinate your treatment.
Your program may include the following:
A detailed assessment. Your physiotherapist will take time to hear your story to fully understand your condition.
Your Physiotherapist will assess:
When we complete our assessment we will:
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McNeely ML, Armijo Olivo S, Magee DJ. A systematic review of the effectiveness of physical therapy interventions for temporomandibular disorders. Phys Ther. 2006;86:710–25.